EVS Notes for CTET Paper 1 (NCF)

Going to school:
• The bamboo and rope bridge is being used in – ASSAM
• The trolly – LADAKH
• Cement bridge – Normal Areas or Over Water
• Vallam (small wooden boat) – KERALA
• Camel cart – RAJASTHAN
• Bullock carts – Villages in Plains
• The paths are rocky and uneven- In mountains – UTTARAKHAND
• A bird has its eyes on its head and the holes are covered with feathers-they
help them to hear.
• Lizard has the same kind of ears!
• Crocodile too has its eyes like this but we can’t see them.
• DIFFERENT PATTERNS ON THE ANIMALS ARE DUE TO THE HAIR ON THEIR
SKIN
Without hair on an animal’s body there would be no pattern! [ CTET-Sept2016]
• Animals with ears, hair on the body – GIVES BIRTH
• Animals with no ears outside the body – LAYS EGGS
• The oldest female elephant becomes the head of the herd.
• There’s no male elephant in the herd- they left as they turn 14 or 15!
• An adult elephant can eat up to 100kgs of leaves and twigs in one day.
• Elephants sleep for only two to four hours a day.


• The bamboo and rope bridge is being used in – ASSAM
• The trolly – LADAKH
• Cement bridge – Normal Areas or Over Water
• Vallam (small wooden boat) – KERALA
• Camel cart – RAJASTHAN
• Bullock carts – Villages in Plains
• The paths are rocky and uneven- In mountains – UTTARAKHAND
• A bird has its eyes on its head and the holes are covered with feathers-they
help them to hear.
Lizard has the same kind of ears!
• Crocodile too has its eyes like this but we can’t see them.
• DIFFERENT PATTERNS ON THE ANIMALS ARE DUE TO THE HAIR ON THEIR
SKIN
Without hair on an animal’s body there would be no pattern! [ CTET-Sept2016]
• Animals with ears, hair on the body – GIVES BIRTH
• Animals with no ears outside the body – LAYS EGGS
• The oldest female elephant becomes the head of the herd.
• There’s no male elephant in the herd- they left as they turn 14 or 15!
• An adult elephant can eat up to 100kgs of leaves and twigs in one day.
• Elephants sleep for only two to four hours a day.

The mud keeps their skin cool.
• Their big ears also work like fans- they flap these to keep themselves cool.
• There are 10 to 12 female elephants and young ones in a herd.
• Khejadi village is near JODHPUR in Rajasthan.
• Places were built by woods at that time- about 300 years ago!
• The people of this village were called BISHNOIS .
• The KHEJADI tree can grow up without much water.
• It gives beans and Don’t get affected by insects.
• Story from BOCHACHA village in MUZZAFARPUR district in BIHAR.
• Honeybees lay their eggs from October to December.
• Every beehive has one Queen Bee that lays eggs.
• There are only few males in the hive.
• Most of the bees in the hive are worker bees.
• The male bees have no special role as workers.
• Train is started from GANDHIDHAM in KUTCH – GUJRAT
• Food of GUJRAT- dhokla with chutney, lemon rice, mithai.
• AHMEDABAD and Valsad are in GUJRAT.
• Kozhikode is in KERALA.
• Madgaon is in GOA.
• There are total 2000 bridges and 92 tunnels in the route from Goa to
Kerala.

• Kozhikode is a city in the state of Kerala in southern India on the Malabar
Coast- it is also known as CALICUT.
• On the way to Gujrat to Kerala, the train crosses – MAHARASHTRA, GOA,
KARNATAKA.
• Kottayam is the town in the Indian state of KERALA.
• Language where it is spoken (state)

  1. Malayalam Kerala
  2. Konkani Karnataka, Maharashtra, Goa and
    in some part of Kerala.
  3. Marathi Maharashtra, Goa, Daman &
    Diu, Dadra & Nagar haveli
  4. Gujarati Gujrat
  5. Kannada Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh,
    Tamil Nadu, MH
  6. Ferry is a kind of boat used in Kerala.
  7. The details you can find on a train ticket –
    ▪ The train number.
    ▪ The date of start of the journey.
    ▪ The berth and coach numbers.
    ▪ The fare (the cost of the ticket).
    ▪ The distance (in kms).

 The flower valley can be found in the hills of Uttarakhand.

▪ Flowers Like marigolds, zenia are used to dye clothes.
▪ The KANNAUJ district in Uttar Pradesh is famous for itr making.
▪ State on map KERALA & MAHARASHTRA __

MADHUBANI PAINTING:

• The design in the picture is called ‘Madhubani’.
• It is a very old form of folk art.
• Do you know why it is called Madhubani?
• There is a district in Bihar called Madhubani.
• These paintings are made out of paste of powdered rice in which color has
been mixed.
• To make these, indigo (Neel), turmeric (Haldi), colors from flowers and
trees, etc., are used.
• The paintings show human beings, animals, trees, flowers, birds, fish and
many other animals.

• Belvanika village is in Karnataka.
• Gijubhai Badheka lived in Gujarat. He wrote many stories for children.
• An Indian robin lays its eggs in between of stones along road side.
• Koel lays its egg in crow’s nest.
• Birds use the nest only to lay their eggs.
• After the eggs have hatched and the chicks have grown, they leave the
nest.
• Nallamada is in Andhra Pradesh.
• Holgundi is in Karnataka.
• The children’s panchayat was called Bhima Sangh in Hilgundi.
• ABOUT BANYAN TREE- What looks like the hanging branches are actually
the roots of the tree.
• Desert Oak is a tree that is found in Australia.
• Oak tree’s roots go deep into the ground till they reach water. This water is
stored in the tree trunk.
• Bihu festival is celebrated in Assam on the occasion of new rice crop.

Magh, the tenth month of Assamese calender.
• They make bhela ghar from bamboo.
• Mukhtapur village is in the Pochampalli district of Andhra Pradesh.
• Traditional occupations are carpet weaving, toy making, Itr(perfume)
production, etc.
• These things have become famous by the name of the place where they are
made like– Kullu shawls, Madhubani paintings, Assam silk, Kashmiri
embroidery, etc.
• Abu Dhabi is in UAE ( UNITED ARAB EMIRATES).
• Currency of Abu Dhabi is Dirham.
• Chittappan – Father’s younger brother in Malayalam.
• Kunjamma – Father’s younger brother’s wife in Malayalam.
• In Kerala you can see many fruit trees like – Coconuts, Bananas, Jackfruit,
Papaya, Betelnut etc.
• The only tree which grows in desert is Date Palms.
• You can find various spices in Kerala like- Tejpatta, Cardamoms and Black
pepper.
• Garam masala is made of small and big cardamom, clove, cumin seeds
(zeera), cinnamon, black pepper, dry ginger etc.
• This is the story of lieutenant commander Wahida Prism who is a doctor in
the Indian navy.
• She is the first woman to lead a parade.
• Wahida Prism is from Thannamandi which is in Rajouri district of Jammu
and Kashmir.

Total number of commands in a parade is 36.
• Tibetan also called Bhoti is the language spoken in ladakh.
• Mother in bhoti language- aama-le.
• Father in bhoti language- aaba-le.
• As the ants move, they leave a smell on the ground. The other ants follow
the smell to find the way.
• A silk worm can find its female worm from many kilometers away by her
smell.
• Mosquitoes can find people by the smell of their body.
• They also find them by the smell of the sole of their feet and the heat of
their body.
• Dogs mark out their own area on the road.
• They can make out if another dog has come into their area by the smell of
its urine or potty.
• Most of the birds have their eyes on either side of the head and their eyes
can focus on two different things at a time.
• When they look straight ahead, both their eyes focus on the same object.
• In most of the birds, eyes are fixed and cannot move that’s why birds have
to turn their heads to see around.
• Some birds like Kites, Eagles, Vultures can see four times as far as we can.
• These birds can see things from a distance of eight meters what we can see
from a distance of two meters.
• Animals cannot see as many colors as we can- It is believed that animals
that are awake in the daytime can see some colors.

• Those animals that are awake at night can see things only in black and
white colors.
• Birds ears are small holes covered with feathers.
• Snakes are deaf and they only feel vibrations on the ground.
• Some birds and animals have different sounds for different situations such
as for danger or happiness- e.g Langur, Tiger or leopard.
• Some animals start behaving in a different way when an earthquake or
storm is about to come.
• People who live in forests and can observe such behavior of animals come
to know danger.

ABOUT SLEEP
• Lizards go into a long, deep sleep for almost a season.
• Cow sleeps around 4 hours.
• Python sleeps around 18 hours.
• Giraffe sleeps around 2 hours.
• Cat sleeps around 12 hours.

  • Things you need to know about the
    TIGER!

• A tiger can see six times better at night than most of us.
• The tiger’s whiskers are very sensitive and can sense the movements or
vibrations in the air.
• They help the tiger move in the dark and find its prey.
• A tiger’s sense of hearing is so sharp that it can make out the difference
between the rustling of leaves and sound of an animal moving on the grass.
• The ears of the tiger can move in different directions and this helps to catch
him the sounds from all around.
• Tigers make different sounds for different purposes e.g- when it is angry,
when it callout a tigress.
• It can also roar or snarl. its roar can be heard up to 3kms away.

• Danger To Animals!
• The tiger is one of the most alert animals. And yet, today tigers are in
danger.
• Elephants are killed for their tusks, rhinoceros for its horn, tigers, crocodiles
and snakes for their skins.
• Musk deer are killed just to make a little scent from its musk.
• Some forest areas that are protected by our government these are:
• THE JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARK in UTTRAKHAND and ‘GHANA’ in
BHARATPUR district of RAJASTHAN.
• In these areas nobody can hunt animals or destroy the jungle.

• A Snake Charmer’s Story!
• Sapera’s are also called KALBELIYAS.
• NAAG GUMPHAN- Designs of this kind are used in Rangoli, embroidery and
as well decoration in Saurashtra, Gujrat and South India.
• The Snake Charmers recognize a snake bite by its bite marks.
• The snake charmers collect or make many medicines with the help of
plants, which they found in forests.
• Snakes are helpful for farmers as they eat rats in the fields, otherwise rats
would eat the crops.

  • ONLY FOUR TYPES OF SNAKES
    ARE POISONOUS IN INDIA!

• Cobra,
• Common krait,
• Russel’s viper (Duboiya),
• Saw- scaled viper (Afai).
• A snake has two hollow teeth ( fangs). The poison enters the person’s body
through these fangs.
• The medicine for a snake bite is made from the snake’s poison and is
available in all govt. hospitals.

  • From Tasting to Digesting:

• Our stomach’s temperature is about 30°C.
• The juice in our stomach is acidic in nature.
• Most rice grows in Kalahandi district (Odisha).
• Rice is even sent to other states from here.
• Despite of that much production of rice – There are many poor people in
Kalahandi.
• Muslin cloth is used to strain something.
• Atreyapuram town is in Andhra Pradesh.

• Glass jars and bottles are dried well in the sun before filling them with
pickles so that no moisture is left in them.
15

Leave a Comment